Category Archives: Past Events

Mandela Washington Fellows, Tuesday, July 24th

“Young Entrepreneurs Fostering Transformative Changes in Africa”

image001Luana holds a degree in public relations and advertisements from the University of Istanbul. She currently works at Tiniguena, an NGO in Guinea-Bissau that works with biodiversity, where she assists with communication, youth, and civic duty. She hopes to start her own company and run it with the values of environment and sustainable development at its core.

image2Charles, CEO of “Akili Labs,” is currently completing a Masters of Science in Biotechnology from Rhodes University. Through his research on removal of toxic metals from waste water, he recognized the lack of medical diagnostics, which causes 12 million deaths annually in Africa. In response he built “Lab in Box”, which can perform medical diagnostics in the field.

image3Saeed founded “The Smile Shop Dental Clinics” to improve access to quality dental care in rural and urban communities. To make dental healthcare more affordable, he introduced an innovative dental savings plan. Saeed is currently working on adapting his current model for rural communities, where people can exchange farm produce or livestock. to pay for care.

image4Awa holds a Master’s Degree in Telecommunications Engineering from Telecom SudParis. After working in France and Senegal, she founded the Lifantou project in 2016, which uses crowd-sourced geospatial data to link farmers with school canteens. Her goal is to secure food for public school children, reinforce food distribution, and boost the agriculture sector.

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Filed under Africa, Business, Fall 2018, Past Events, Uncategorized

Lynda Barrow, Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Lynda Barrow photo

“Religion in a Globalizing World”

Lynda Barrow is currently a Professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science at Coe College. She has been at Coe College since 1999, teaching a variety of courses on comparative and international politics. She received her Master’s degree in Theological Studies from Wesley Theological Seminary, and then went on to receive her Ph.D. from Syracuse University, where she completed dissertation research on Protestants and politics in Mexico. She still travels frequently to Mexico for research. She has also participated in several panels on “Ethical Perspectives on the News” with KCRG. In her free time, Lynda is active in her church, as well as with Habitat for Humanity and the Alzheimer’s Association.

In this week’s program, Lynda will speak on the topic of religious resurgence as one of the many changes in the post-Cold War world. Religion is reclaiming its place in the public square and on the international stage. According to western theories, this was not supposed to happen; the world was secularizing and leaving religion in its wake. In the Muslim world, Islamism is, in part, a response to Western-style modernization, which is bound up with secularization. In this context, religion can be a source of conflict or cooperation.

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Filed under Fall 2018, Past Events, Uncategorized

Rubie Watson, Thursday, July 12, 2018

Rubie Watson photo

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“Hollowing Out the Middle: Chinese and American Rural Depopulation” 

Rubie Watson is a social anthropologist, now retired. She received her Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and has taught at the University of Pittsburgh and Harvard University. She is author of “Inequality among Brothers: Class and Kinship in South China” and has co-authored and edited books on Chinese society and culture.  Rubie is the former Director of Harvard University’s Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology.  Currently, she is writing a book tentatively entitled “The Closers: Institutional Collapse in the Rural Midwest.” She grew up on a small Illinois farm and now lives in Iowa City and rural Illinois.

The U.S., China, and many other countries are experiencing significant rural depopulation. Recent changes in demographic trends will be discussed as well as consequences of depopulation on rural society and culture.

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Filed under China & East Asia, Fall 2018, Past Events, Uncategorized

Ashleigh Wallace & Eesha Patel, Wednesday, May 2, 2018

Headshot“Health Care for Underserved Populations in South India”

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Eesha Patel is a second year student at the College of Pharmacy. She was born in London, England and spent her formative years living in Nairobi, Kenya prior to moving to the United States. She received her Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the University of Iowa. Eesha currently volunteers in the Emergency room as a student pharmacist, where she has the opportunity to interact with patients from many different demographics. In her free time, Eesha enjoys sipping on a cup of coffee and reading a good book.

Ashleigh Wallace is a third year pharmacy student here at the University of Iowa. She is originally from Northeast Texas. She completed pre-requisite education for pharmacy school at Iowa State University, and is currently working on a Global Health Studies certificate in conjunction with her PharmD. Her professional interests include working with underserved populations abroad and providing healthcare in low-access areas. She loves reading, baseball, hiking, and bike riding, and traveling to National Parks all over the United States.DSC_6638

This presentation will focus on the different perspectives and experiences from a summer spent in Saragur, India. Over the course of 8 weeks, our interns had the opportunity to learn, and grow, while contributing to a series of different projects. These projects were centered around many different areas of healthcare, and allowed both students to broaden their outlook as future healthcare practitioners.

 

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Filed under Health & Medicine, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Roz Frank, Wednesday, April 25, 2018

elkar492“The Basque Country — Language, Culture, and Politics: A View from the Inside”

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Roslyn Frank obtained her B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. from the University of Iowa. Post studies, she has used her credentials to serve the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Iowa, currently as a Professor Emeritus. Her research specializes in Basque Studies, Cognitive Linguistics, European ethnography, ethnomathematics, ethno- & archaeo- astronomy, informational technologies & orality, ecocriticism, Spanish civilization & Culture and Spanish Women Writers. Her knowledge of languages is extensive, being fluent in English, Spanish, Euskara, and having reading ability in French, German, Italian, Catalan, Portuguese, and Russian.

Roslyn Frank will be sharing her experiences in the Basque Country (Euskal Herria) where for the past forty years she has carried out fieldwork and related investigations. The talk will begin with a brief overview of how the Basque Country is seen from the outside, for example, by visitors as well as how she originally saw it when she first went there and before she learned Euskara, the Basque language. The outside perspective often casts the Basque people, their language, culture and political beliefs—as if they represented the ultimate “outsiders” vis-à-vis the rest of Europe. Her research, facilitated by having learned Euskara, led to a truly remarkable discovery, namely, that the Basques used to believe they descended from bears, an indigenous belief system that appears to have been shared by other Europeans. In short, this revised perspective provides a lens through which an indigenous ecocentric worldview starts to come into focus.

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Filed under Arts & Culture, Europe, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Mark Kende, Thursday, April 19, 2018

large“South African Politics & Their Constitution: 20 Years Plus After Apartheid”

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Mark Kende is the James Madison Chair in Constitutional Law at the Drake University Constitutional Law Center. He has served as a Professor of Law at the University of Montana in addition to serving as a Visiting Professor of Law at several institutions including University of Paris II, University of Nantes, and Notre Dame. As a previous Fulbright Senior Scholar, Mark was invited to serve as a Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa.

Mark’s areas of expertise focus on Constitutional Law, Comparative Constitutionalism, Civil Rights, Cyberlaw, and Civil Procedure. His work in South Africa focuses on many of these topics. He has published book related projects and law review articles addressing South African politics, in particular the current state since the end of the apartheid period. Mark’s most notable work is Constitutional Rights in Two Worlds: South Africa the United States (2009). His talk will address the current state of South African constitutional law.

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Filed under Africa, Governance Issues, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Mariola Espinosa ,Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Mariola Head Shot“Surviving Hurricanes in  Puerto Rico”

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Mariola Espinosa is an Associate Professor in the Department of History at the University of Iowa and an Associate Professor Adjunct in the Section of the History of Medicine at Yale University. She is a historian of medicine and public health in the Caribbean and Latin America. Her current research looks at medical understandings of fever in the French, British, Spanish, and U.S. Caribbean empires. The high level of language proficiency she possesses in English, French, and Spanish is understandably a great aid in this research.

She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on the history of Cuba; disease, public health, and empire; the history of medicine and public health in Latin America; disease in the Caribbean; global history of Latin American science and medicine; and readings on disease in the Caribbean.

Devastated by a string of hurricanes in 2017, the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico has struggled to recover from the widespread damage to lives and infrastructure. However, hurricanes are a regular occurrence in the Gulf of Mexico and Puerto Rico is no stranger to them. Mariola Espinosa will have a conversation on how the country has managed to cope with such hostile weather.

 

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Filed under Humanitarian Issues, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Elise Pizzi, Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Pizzi, Elise“Political Conflicts Among Ethnic Minorities in China”

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Elise Pizzi is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Iowa. Currently, she is teaching a graduate level course on Chinese Politics and an undergraduate course on Comparative Environmental Policy. Past courses she Elise taught at the University of Iowa concerned political violence and global development. She earned her Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Colorado in 2015.  Before attending graduate school, she taught English in Sichuan, China and spent two years as a Peace Corps Volunteer in the Republic of Georgia (2005-2007). Her research primarily focuses on less developed regions and countries, in particular in China.  She studies distributive politics, including government provision of public goods and services, and natural resource management. Her ongoing research focuses on ethnic politics and poverty alleviation in rural China. Elise received a Fulbright grant to study drinking water access in rural China in 2013. She regularly returns to China for ongoing research and to indulge her love of spicy sour soup.

Who are China’s ethnic minorities? Professor Pizzi will discuss the identity and political status of China’s ethnic minority groups and minority autonomous regions.  She also will present ongoing research related to political action by ethnic minorities in China.

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Filed under China & East Asia, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized, War & Conflict

Rachel Maggi, Daniel Valentin, Ashley Chong, Thursday, March 29, 2018

FlagsinHands_178558850“Here and Abroad: Three  University of Iowa Seniors Speak to the Relevance of Their International Experiences ”

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As ICFRC interns, Maggi, Valentin, and Chong assist the organization in bringing local and international experts into Iowa City and witness how the professional world engages with global topics. Additionally, as International Studies students, they are equipped through their coursework to critically engage with the world and its different cultures. Each student has a unique blend of international experience, extracurricular activities, and academic backgrounds that led them to engage with the global community in different capacities. They will share the importance and impacts of their international experiences, both abroad and within campus organizations.

Rachel Maggi is an International Studies major focusing in South Asian Studies and East Asian Studies with a minor in Global Health and certificate in Sustainability. Her international travels include study abroad and interning in India, as well as miscellaneous travels to France, Mexico, the Bahamas, and Canada. She has recently been awarded a Fulbright to conduct research on breast/cervical cancer knowledge and perceptions in Karnataka, India. She hopes to pursue a Master’s in Public Health in the future.

Daniel Valentin is an International Studies major focusing on Development and Islamic & Middle Eastern Studies, with a minor in Arabic and a Writing Certificate.   He has studied abroad in Fes, Morocco and Pondicherry, India. In his time as an undergraduate, he has held positions in the Daily Iowan, the Association of Latinos Moving Ahead, the Human Rights Student Collective, Secular Students at Iowa, and the University of Iowa Student Government.

Ashley Chong is an International Studies major focusing in East Asia and Post-Colonial/Diasporic Studies, with a minor in Anthropology and a Writing Certificate. She has moved a total of seven times across South-East Asia and North America before coming to Iowa. Beyond academics, she is a member of a string quartet within the School of Music that will tour Iowa this summer, curates collaborations across disciplines, is part of the executive board of the Translate Iowa Project, and performs at local venues and events as one half of the Dashi Project.

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Filed under Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Laura Kennedy, Thursday, March 22, 2018

laura-kennedy_11_0“State of State: One Year into the Trump Administration”

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Laura Kennedy served almost four decades as a U.S. career diplomat. She spent much of her career working in or on the former Soviet Union and served in Geneva and Vienna (thrice) on multilateral disarmament and non-proliferation (conventional, nuclear and bio) as well as a number of temporary assignments in New York, including the 2010 and 2015 NPT Review Conferences. She retired in 2013 but was soon after recalled to service to head U.S. missions in Turkmenistan and Vienna. She retired again in 2015.

Kennedy’s assignments included Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Southern Europe, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Ambassador to Turkmenistan, Ambassador to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, U.S. Special Representative for Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Issues, Deputy Commandant of the National War College, Charge d’Affaires in Armenia, and Deputy Political section chief in Moscow and Ankara. She is an elected member of the American Academy of Diplomacy and serves on the boards of the World Affairs Council in DC, the Arms Control Association, the Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation and Foreign Policy for America. She has lectured at various U.S. institutions including the U.S. Army General command and Staff College and the Army War College. A graduate of America’s first women’s college, Vassar, Kennedy also did graduate work at Stanford and American (M.A.) Universities.

It has been over a year since President Trump was elected into office. In this span of time, observable differences can be seen in how the Trump Administration has chosen to handle the State Department from that of his predecessors. Laura Kennedy will draw on her experience and connection to the State Department to discuss its current status under the Trump Administration.

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Filed under Domestic Issues, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

David Miles, Thursday, March 8, 2018.

David_Miles6“An International Rocket Field School at the Andøya Space Center in Norway”

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In January 2018 two University of Iowa undergraduate students travelled to the Andøya Space Center in northern Norway to complete a week long sounding rocket field school called CaNoRock (Canada/Norway Sounding Rocket Program). CaNoRock uses student rocket activities as a high profile talent magnet to attract undergraduate students into space-related career paths, to enhance discovery learning through practical hands-on instruction, and to create an exceptional learning environment for undergraduate students. The ultimate goal of CaNoRock is to build scientific and technological research capacity by helping undergraduate students to transition into space-related graduate study and industry. This was the first time that a US University has participated in this international field school and we are now seeking funding to enable ongoing participation of University of Iowa undergraduate students. This colloquia describes the field school and its pedagogical approach and presents the experience through the eyes of the two participating undergraduate students.

Dr. David Miles

Assistant Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy

David Miles is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Iowa. Professor Miles is an experimental space physicist specializing in the development of the next-generation space-flight magnetic field instruments and particularly miniature instruments for nanosatellites and multipoint measurement instrument constellations. His research interests include space weather, solar-terrestrial physics, and auroral dynamics including magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. He is the Co-PI of the magnetic field instrument (MGF) on the Canadian Cassiope/e-POP spacecraft and is the Instrument PI for the miniature digital fluxgate magnetometer (DFGM) on the Ex-Alta-1 CubeSat. He has provided fluxgate magnetometer for two sub-orbital sounding rockets (ICI-4 and Maxidusty-1b) and several ground observatories. Professor Miles was named one of Alberta’s Most Influential People: The Next 10 by Alberta Venture Magazine in 2015. He received his PhD from the University of Alberta in 2017. He has eleven peer reviewed publications with five as first author.

Hannah Gulick – sophomore from Spirit Lake, Iowa

I am a sophomore at the University of Iowa studying astronomy, physics, and English Creative Writing. I work on several research projects with the astronomy faculty, concerning space instrumentation, X-ray astronomy, and radio astronomy. Someday I hope to be a researching astrophysicist using space instruments and observation to answer important astronomical questions.

Josh Larson – senior from Mount Pleasant

I am currently pursuing two degrees at the University of Iowa, a B.S.E. in Electrical Engineering and a B.S. in Physics. My current ambitions are to attend graduate school in pursuit of a PhD in space physics, possibly focused on solar physics, certainly with regards to experimentation and instrument development for measuring space plasmas. I decided to pursue both engineering and physics because I’ve always wanted a chance to work with space systems.

 

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Filed under Europe, Past Events, Spring 2018, Technology, Uncategorized

Debora Matthews, Thursday, March 1, 2018

DeboraMatthews“Guarding Against Forgetting – Breaking the Silence: A Story of Political Awakening and Activist Archives in South Africa”

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Debora Matthews worked for seven years as Archival Coordinator in the Struggles for Justice Programme at the South African History Archive (SAHA), an independent activist and human rights archive in Johannesburg. SAHA is an independent human rights archive dedicated to documenting, supporting and promoting greater awareness of past and current struggles for justice through archival practices and outreach, and the access to information laws. Established by anti-apartheid activists in the 1980s, SAHA was closely connected in its formative years to the United Democratic Front, the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the African National Congress. Matthews archived the Constitution Hill Collection at SAHA.  Debra  is now an Archives Consult working for the Public Affairs Research Institute (PARI), developing and implementing a records and research data management system. She will also be working as a Contract Archivist at GALA, the Gay and Lesbian Memory in Action Archives at the University of the Witwatersrand.

Debora will discuss the many roads she has traveled as a middleclass Afrikaans woman. In this quest she continues to better understand her Afrikaner roots, as well as better understand the decades of racial segregation under Nationalist government rule. She has come to terms with these two things through her work with activist archives as she continues to better comprehend the injustices done to millions of South Africans during apartheid. Her talk will be a glimpse into some of the most exciting and prolific activist archives in South Africa.

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Filed under Africa, Governance Issues, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Jeff Biggers, Thursday, February 22, 2018

Jeff-Biggers-author-photo-credit-Miriam-Alarcón-Avila- - Copy“RESISTANCE: Reclaiming an American Tradition ”

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Jeff Biggers is the American Book Award–winning author of several works of history, memoir, journalism, and theater, including The United States of Appalachia, praised by the Citizen Times as a “masterpiece of popular history”; State Out of the Union, selected by Publishers Weekly as a Top Ten Social Science book in 2012; and Reckoning at Eagle Creek, winner of the Delta Prize for Literature and David Brower Award for Environmental Reporting.

Biggers is the founder of the Climate Narrative Project, an arts and advocacy project for schools, universities and organizations. From 2014-2017, he served as the Sustainability Writer-in-Residence at the University of Iowa. He also served as the Campbell-Stripling Distinguished Writer-in-Residence at Wesleyan College in Georgia. Over the past decade, Biggers has given lectures, readings and performances at over 100 universities and colleges across the country, from the University of California in Berkeley to the University of Mississippi to Yale University. He has delivered keynote addresses at numerous literary, educational, urban planning and environmental conferences and serves as a contributing editor to The Bloomsbury Review, and is a member of the PEN American Center.

“In a riveting and inspiring narrative history, Jeff Biggers’ Resistance reframes today’s battles as a continuum of a vibrant American tradition, chronicling the courageous and often squabbling resistance movements that insured the benchmarks of our democracy—and served on the front lines of the American Revolution, the defense of the Constitution and Bill of Rights, the defeat of fascism during World War II, and various civil rights movements. Resistance is a provocative reconsideration of the American Revolution and its unfolding promises. It brings to life early Native American, African American and immigrant struggles, women’s rights, and the pioneering environmental justice movements and their presence today. Biggers shows how a republic of resistance has served as a de facto “Truth and Reconciliation” commission for our history, especially in times when our nation—and its leaders—need to be held accountable.”

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Filed under Domestic Issues, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized, War & Conflict

Dr. Gavin Slade, Thursday, February 15, 2018

s200_gavin.slade“Good Governance? Prison Gangs and Informal Order in the Former Soviet Union ”

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Gavin Slade is a lecturer at the University of Glasgow, who works on questions of criminal justice reform in the former Soviet Union. He has worked at Ilia State University, Tbilisi and the University of Toronto. Directly prior to coming to Glasgow, Slade was a Research Fellow at the Freie Universitat, Berlin. Slade’s work as a criminologist is underpinned by an interest in the social organization of violence in the former Soviet Republics and has focused particularly on organized crime, policing, prison reform and the politics of crime. His first book was published with Oxford University Press in 2013 entitled ‘Reorganizing Crime: Mafia and Anti-Mafia in Post-Soviet Georgia.’

The concept of ‘governance’ has become salient in the study of organized crime. Recent US literature on prison gangs suggest that gangs emerge to meet demands for governance of social and economic interactions where the state cannot or will not do this. As such, prison gangs, far from being a symptom of dysfunction in fact are highly complex organizations that produce public goods, including the control of violence. Gavin’s research analyses data from a research project that analyses penal reform efforts that target prison gang structures in former Soviet prisons, specifically in Georgia, Lithuania, Kyrgyzstan, and Moldova. His research utilizes a survey and interview data of prisoners in Moldova to analyze the problem of prison subculture and its links to prison violence in this case. Gavin’s research finds that, contrary to some claims in the US literature, where prison gangs are present in Moldova this correlates with a poorer prison environment and greater insecurity among prisoners and staff.

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Filed under Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized, War & Conflict

Rabbi Esther Hugenholtz, Thursday, February 8, 2018

Rabbi“Stranger in a Strange Land: Personal and Philosophical Reflections of an EU National in Brexit-Referendum Britain”

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Rabbi Esther Hugenholtz (1978) was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. She spent the majority of her childhood in southern Spain. After completing her high school education, she moved back to the Netherlands where she obtained her M.Sc. (Master of Science) in Cultural Anthropology and Sociology of non-Western Societies from the University of Amsterdam. Furthering her Jewish education, she studied at the Conservative Yeshiva in Jerusalem, Israel and was an E. Levinas Fellow at Paideia, the European Institute of Jewish Studies in Stockholm, Sweden.

Esther completed the first two years of her rabbinical training at the Ziegler School of Rabbinic Studies, a seminary affiliated with the Conservative/Masorti movement of Judaism and interned as a Rabbinic Fellow at the American Jewish University. She completed the remaining three years of her rabbinical training at Leo Baeck College in London, UK and was ordained a rabbi with this seminary in 2013.

Rabbi Esther Hugenholtz has served as the Associate Rabbi at Sinai Synagogue in Leeds and is very excited to be the new Rabbi for Congregation Agudas Achim, Iowa City, Iowa. She is married to Dave Middleton and the proud mother of preschooler Jonathan and toddler Noa.

In her free time, she enjoys composing liturgical music, songwriting, writing, travelling, photography and cooking. She takes an interest in issues of multiculturalism and social justice and firmly believes in representing a socially-relevant and spiritually-compelling Judaism for today’s world.

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Filed under Europe, Governance Issues, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Alle McNorton, Thursday, January 25, 2018

Alle McNorton picture“Sui Generis, Kosovo, and Iowa’s Unique Relationship with this New Balkan State”

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Alle McNorton is a 3rd year law student at the University of Iowa College of Law. During the spring semester of 2017, she lived in Prishtina, Kosovo and worked in the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

At Iowa Law, she currently serves as an Iowa Law Ambassador, Senior Articles Editor for The Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, and is Graduate Member of the UI Council on the Status of Women,  and Research Assistant for Associate Dean of Comparative and International Programs Adrien Wing, board member of the Equal Justice Foundation, and a member of the Pro Bono Society Member, Phi Delta Phi, International Law Society, OWLSS, OutLaws, EJF, BLSA, and I.O.W.A.

Alle McNorton will be discussing the historical, legal, and international relations concepts behind Kosovo’s independence and subsequent developments. She will address Kosovo’s goal of becoming a member of the EU and the hurdles they face. Lastly, she will conclude with Iowa’s unique relationship with Kosovo and the field placement program that allowed her to have this incredible experience.

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Filed under Domestic Issues, Europe, Past Events, Spring 2018, Uncategorized

Jeff Murray, Thursday, January 18, 2018

murrayjc“How the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Uses Innovation to Accelerate Equity in Low and Middle Income Countries”

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Jeff Murray, M.D, is Deputy Director of Family Health in the Discovery and Translational Sciences for The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. In addition, he is Board Certified in Pediatrics and Clinical Genetics, and is a human molecular / developmental geneticist and researcher at the University of Iowa.

He received his B.S. in Biology at MIT, and did his M.D., and pediatrics residency at Tufts, and was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Washington.  He has also done sabbaticals at Oxford University and the University of Southern Denmark.

Jeff led the development of the first user enabled genetic linkage maps of the Human Genome Center at the University of Iowa, and identified the first genes associated with cleft lip/palate and glaucoma.  He also oversaw the first genome wide association study of preterm birth.  He is the co-author on 470 peer-reviewed articles.  He is Past President of the American Society of Human Genetics and is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and Fellow of AAAS.

Jeff Murray will speak about his work with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation as Deputy Director of Family Health in the Discovery and Translational Sciences Group, and his team’s responsibility for the Healthy Birth, Growth, and Development programs with an emphasis on preterm birth and early childhood physical and cognitive development.

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Filed under Education, Health & Medicine, Past Events, Spring 2018, The Middle East, Uncategorized

Paul Greenough,Thursday, December 14, 2017

Picture1“Chasing Urban Crows in India: A Fool’s Errand to Mend an Environmental Crisis? ”

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Paul R. Greenough is Emeritus Professor of Modern Indian History and of Community and Behavioral Health at the University of Iowa. He was the Director of the University’s South Asian Studies Program and co-director of the Global Health Studies Program.  He earned his bachelor’s degree from Columbia University and his PhD from the University of Chicago.  His recent research concerns themes in India’s environmental history and the history of public health and the introduction of field epidemiology into the post-colonial world. Among other works he is the author of Prosperity and Misery in Modern Bengal: the Famine of 1943 (1982; reprint edition 2017; Bengali edition 1997) and co-editor of three collections: Nature in the Global South: Environmental Projects in South and Southeast Asia (2003), Against Stigma: Global Studies in Caste and Race (2009), and The Politics of Vaccination: A Global History (2017).  Professor Greenough is a Senior Fulbright-Nehru Fellow attached to the Department of History of Jadavpur University.

The house crows of India, as the name suggests, live side by side with humans in towns and cities. They mainly survive by eating left-over food wastes (garbage). They are highly intelligent birds and occupy a middle position between wild nature and human culture; they show up prominently in Indian art, religion, literature and folklore. From ancient times the cawing of crows has been India’s sound-track. Nowadays their voice is fainter because of intense environmental hazards, and crow populations in larger Indian cities are declining. At the same time Indian house crows have been spreading to other countries (for example, a breeding colony was established in Florida only in 2015). This talk recaps a recent research trip he made to study house crows in India and the challenges he faces writing about their saga.

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Filed under Environmental Issues, Fall 2017, Past Events, Uncategorized

Mariano Magalhães and Elisa Klewinski,Wednesday, December 6, 2017

IMG_4332“The Economic and Political Challenges Confronting Brazil ”

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Dr. Mariano Magalhães is a professor of Political Science at Augustana College, where he teaches courses that focus primarily on the consolidation and quality of democracy in the developing world, with a special emphasis on Latin America. Dr. Magalhães was a Fulbright Scholar at the Universidade de Brasília in 2011 and currently serves as Director of the Brazil Term Study Abroad Program, Director of the Africana Studies Program, and Chair of the Division of Social Sciences at Augustana College. He has published articles on the impact of decentralization on democracy in Brazil, the role of the Brazilian armed forces in post-1985 Brazil and this past summer conducted research on the relationship between feminist civil society and the state in Brazil.

Elisa Klewinski is a junior Political Science and Environmental Studies double major at Augustana College. She recently spent five and a half weeks in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador studying the nature of democracy and the state of economic development in Brazil.

In the span of roughly a generation Brazilian democracy has gone from being labeled as “feckless” and the economy as “drunk” in the early 1990s to being hailed for its innovative social policies, emerging economy and robust democracy in the first part of the 21st century (under the guidance primarily of former President Lula da Silva) and, in the last three years, back to economic paralysis and political crisis, amid the worst corruption scandal in the history of the country. The goal of our presentation is to show that these characterizations tend to exaggerate both the bad and the good of Brazil during these periods. Instead, by most accounts, Brazil is now an established democracy but with flaws. The most recent crisis has deeply divided the nation, leading many Brazilians to question the legitimacy of not only the current government but of the democratic project itself. The impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff in 2016 and the greed of so many politicians caught up in the Lava-Jato corruption scandal has led to high levels of popular disenchantment and dissatisfaction of the political elite. Despite this, democracy shows signs of significant growth, with the development of strong institutions of accountability, especially the judiciary and the media, a vibrant civil society and the following of democratic political rules by key actors.

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Filed under Economics, Fall 2017, Past Events, Uncategorized

Sara Mitchell ,Thursday, November 30, 2017

Mitchell_2017_0

“Patterns of Maritime Conflicts, 1900-2010”

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Sara McLaughlin Mitchell is the F. Wendell Miller Professor of Political Science at the University of Iowa. She has authored five books, the most recent being What Do We Know About Civil Wars? and has edited several special journal issues and published more than forty journal articles and book chapters. She is the recipient of several major research awards from the Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, and the United States Agency for International Development. Her areas of expertise include international conflict, political methodology, and gender issues in academia. Professor Mitchell is co-founder of the Journeys in World Politics workshop, a mentoring workshop for junior women studying international relations. She has received several prestigious awards, the most recent being the Quincy Wright Distinguished Scholar Award (2015) from the International Studies Association, and served as President of the Peace Science Society.

There is little understanding of their generalizable patterns with respect to claim onset and management. This project utilizes data from the Issue Correlates of War (ICOW) on diplomatic claims over maritime areas globally from 1900-2010 to explore patterns in states’ interactions over territorial and resource issues of the seas. Initial results suggest that potential oil resources are more dangerous for producing militarized disputes than extracted oil resources (or none). Migratory fish stocks also raise the risks for militarized confrontation over maritime claims. Surprisingly, maritime claims are more likely to occur between wealthier and more democratic countries, although escalation of such disputes to fatal militarized disputes is rare. These findings will help us understand how prominent cases like the South China Sea disputes fit into the broader landscape of maritime conflicts.

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Filed under Fall 2017, Humanitarian Issues, Past Events, War & Conflict