University of Iowa Fulbright Student Awardees Discuss Their Future Assignments
Category Archives: Humanitarian Issues
“The Relationship Between Mental Health Access and International Human Rights Standards”
Elizabeth Marilla-Kapp will earn her MSW from the UI School of Social Work in May with an emphasis in access to mental health resources and creative mental health interventions. She also earned her MFA from the Iowa Writers’ Workshop. She has worked with several local agencies serving people experiencing homelessness, crisis, and mental illness and is honored to have directed the local free breakfast cafe for several years. She was a Kenneth Cmiel intern last summer which supported her work exploring the relationship between mental health access and international human rights standards.
“France’s Flawed Asylum Policies; Changes Needed in Today’s World”
Caitlin Chenus is a senior at the University of Iowa and a Rex Honey Intern at the University site of Iowa Center for Human Rights. She pursued a research project in France this past summer with support from International Programs and the Stanley family. She will be graduating in May of 2019 and going on to attend law school. She plans to study international and comparative law with a focus on immigration.
“Update on the Current Condition in Haiti”
“Public Health is Global Health”
Nationally recognized expert in community-based participatory behavior Dr. Edith Parker promotes innovative ideas to improve major social determinants of health and health disparities. She is a renowned researcher in community-based participatory analysis, which emphasizes the active involvement of community members in all aspects of the research process. Her extensive background in research as well as her interest in aiding in the prevention of diseases and helping people live healthier lives qualifies her as a well rounded specialist in her field of work. Dr. Parker’s research focuses on the design, implementation and evaluation of community health promotion interventions to improve health status and reduce racial disparities in health. Her expertise also includes translating and disseminating research findings for program and policy change.
Dr. Edith Parker serves as Dean of the University of Iowa College of Public Health. She also directs the Prevention Research Center for Rural Health, based in the University of Iowa College of Public Health. She formerly served as Departmental Executive Officer of the University of Iowa Department of Community and Behavioral Health. Her work centers on engaging community members in the design, implementation, and evaluation of research interventions, and translating and disseminating research findings for program and policy change.
Dr. Parker holds a bachelor’s degree from Davidson College, as well as Master of Public Health and Doctor of Public Health degrees from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. She served on the faculty of the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan before joining the University of Iowa in 2010.
“Flooding and Rainfall Associated with Tropical Cyclones”
“Saving the World’s Coral Reefs”
“Immigration in the Era of Trump and Brexit”
Professor Bram Elias joined the clinic in 2014 and has directed the Clinic’s immigration practice since 2015. He previously worked as an immigration attorney in private practice in downtown Iowa City, where his work focused on federal immigration law, removal defense, immigration-related family law issues in state court, and immigration-related post-conviction review and habeas corpus litigation in state and federal courts. Professor Elias’s students practice before federal immigration courts and administrative bodies, the federal Board of Immigration Appeals, and state and federal courts at both the trial and appellate levels.
“Plastics in the Oceans”
“How Mass Migration Is Changing Our Understanding of Language and Bilingualism”
“A Multicultural Perspective to See Mental Health: Theories and Applications”
“The Migingo Dispute between Uganda and Kenya: What the world’s tiniest island tells us about international law and relations.”
Christopher Rossi directs Humanities Iowa and is an adjunct faculty member at the Iowa Law College. He has a Ph.D. from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and law degrees from the University of London and the University of Iowa. He worked on deterrence issues for the Arms Control Association, a division of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and on verification issues at the UN International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, Austria. He has taught at American University, UNI, the Mongolian Diplomatic Academy, and Pusan National University.
He served on the White House National Security Council as director of human rights and humanitarian affairs. He has published articles on the law of war, legal history, international courts and criminal tribunals, polar affairs, Latin America, and on the law of the sea. He has co-edited two books on international affairs and has authored three books, the latest titled Sovereignty and Territorial Temptation (Cambridge University Press, 2017). He has also edited a chapbook on the Lewis & Clark Corps of Discovery Expedition, which was distributed to 20,000 5th grade students of Iowa history, and a documentary collection of Iowa photographs by the American master, David Plowden. His current research interest is on Whiggish International Law: The Monroe Doctrine, Elihu Root, and International Law in the Americas.
Migingo is a small island in the eastern waters of Africa’s Lake Victoria. It is half the size of the Hawkeye football field. For as long as anyone can remember, it was an uninhabited pinprick that happens to straddle the water boundary between Uganda and Kenya. Recent changes in the Lake Victoria’s water table have turned the island into a perfect waystation for hunting the much-desired Nile perch. This newly discovered value of the islet has turned it into a dangerous flashpoint in the deteriorating relations between Uganda and Kenya. Who owns this island? The answer presents unsettling questions about the history of international law, colonialism, genocide, and the future of the International Criminal Court in Africa.
“Palliative Care is Everyone’s Business : Community Participation in Healthcare”
Dr. M.R. Rajagopal, a native of India, is both a palliative care physician and an anesthesiologist. He studied palliative care at Trivandrum Medical College and anesthesiology at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi. Dr. Rajagopal held the position as Professor and Head of Anesthesiology at Calicut Medical College.
Following his time there he served as a professor and Head of Pain and Palliative Medicine at the Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences. While holding this position, Rajagopal kickstarted the first university approved graduate program in India in Pain and Palliative Medicine.
“Healthcare Delivery in Developing Countries”
John Canady, a native of Jefferson, Iowa, received his Bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Grinnell College in 1980. Following graduation John enrolled in the University of Iowa College of Medicine. Dr. Canady completed two residencies, the first in Otolaryngology at the University of Iowa, was completed in 1988. He then completed a residency in Plastic Surgery at the University of Kansas.
Dr. Canady made his mark at Iowa as Professor of Plastic Surgery at UIHC, where he practice clinically, conducted research, and instructed medical students, residents, and fellows. John also served a one year term as President of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons from 2008-2009. After departing UIHC, Dr. Canady became the Medical Director for Johnson & Johnson.
Dr. Canady’s expertise has been valued by patients over the world including a current University of Iowa College Medicine student, Ethan Craig. Ethan, originally from Korea, was adopted by a family in Cedar Rapids. Ethan had a successful cleft lip and palate surgery by Dr. Canady.
Throughout Dr. Canady’s career, he has always been deeply involved in volunteer medical services. Most notably, Dr. Canady is the Co-Founder and Medical team leader of Iowa MOST. Iowa MOST is a 501c3 group that travels to underdeveloped countries to provide life-changing surgical care to children in need of medical attention.
“Surviving Hurricanes in Puerto Rico”
Mariola Espinosa is an Associate Professor in the Department of History at the University of Iowa and an Associate Professor Adjunct in the Section of the History of Medicine at Yale University. She is a historian of medicine and public health in the Caribbean and Latin America. Her current research looks at medical understandings of fever in the French, British, Spanish, and U.S. Caribbean empires. The high level of language proficiency she possesses in English, French, and Spanish is understandably a great aid in this research.
She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on the history of Cuba; disease, public health, and empire; the history of medicine and public health in Latin America; disease in the Caribbean; global history of Latin American science and medicine; and readings on disease in the Caribbean.
Devastated by a string of hurricanes in 2017, the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico has struggled to recover from the widespread damage to lives and infrastructure. However, hurricanes are a regular occurrence in the Gulf of Mexico and Puerto Rico is no stranger to them. Mariola Espinosa will have a conversation on how the country has managed to cope with such hostile weather.
“Patterns of Maritime Conflicts, 1900-2010”
Sara McLaughlin Mitchell is the F. Wendell Miller Professor of Political Science at the University of Iowa. She has authored five books, the most recent being What Do We Know About Civil Wars? and has edited several special journal issues and published more than forty journal articles and book chapters. She is the recipient of several major research awards from the Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, and the United States Agency for International Development. Her areas of expertise include international conflict, political methodology, and gender issues in academia. Professor Mitchell is co-founder of the Journeys in World Politics workshop, a mentoring workshop for junior women studying international relations. She has received several prestigious awards, the most recent being the Quincy Wright Distinguished Scholar Award (2015) from the International Studies Association, and served as President of the Peace Science Society.
There is little understanding of their generalizable patterns with respect to claim onset and management. This project utilizes data from the Issue Correlates of War (ICOW) on diplomatic claims over maritime areas globally from 1900-2010 to explore patterns in states’ interactions over territorial and resource issues of the seas. Initial results suggest that potential oil resources are more dangerous for producing militarized disputes than extracted oil resources (or none). Migratory fish stocks also raise the risks for militarized confrontation over maritime claims. Surprisingly, maritime claims are more likely to occur between wealthier and more democratic countries, although escalation of such disputes to fatal militarized disputes is rare. These findings will help us understand how prominent cases like the South China Sea disputes fit into the broader landscape of maritime conflicts.
“To Leave in the Afternoon: Inheriting the Language of a Civil War”
Ubah Cristina Ali Farah is a Somali-Italian novelist, performer, teacher and social activist. Her two novels, Madre piccola [Little Mother, Indiana UP 2011] and Il Comandante del fiume [The Commander of the River] tell stories of the Somali civil war and its refugees in Italy. In 2006, she was awarded the Lingua Madre National Literary Prize, and in 2008, the Vittorini Prize. She has a PhD in African Studies from the University of Naples; currently she lives in Brussels. She is participating in the International Writing Program’s 2017 Fall Residency courtesy of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs at the U.S. Department of State.
Born in Italy to a Somali father and an Italian mother, Ubah Cristina Ali Farah grew up in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, attending an Italian school there until the Somalia Civil War broke out in 1991. Ali Farah and her family subsequently relocated to Pécs, Hungary, and then later moved back to her birthplace, Verona, Italy. In the intervening years, she has carried with her a Somali language that was radically re-shaped by the conflict and stories that seem like her own memories. Farah draws on Eva Hoffman’s concept of “postmemory” to describe the effect of these traumatic experiences on the entire generation born after the Civil War. In this lunchtime lecture, Ubah Cristina Ali Farah will share her experiences as a writer addressing violence, civil division, and national memory.
Reminder: If you have not already done so, please remember to renew your ICFRC membership.
“Current Environmental Challenges”
Gregory R. Carmichael is the Karl Kammermeyer Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at the University of Iowa and he is the Co-Director of the Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research. Greg also serves as the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research for the College of Engineering.
He has done extensive research related to air quality and its environmental impacts with over 280 journal publications, and he is a leader in the development and application of chemical transport models at scales ranging from local to global. The majority of his recent papers deal with the development and application of chemical transport models (CTM) to studies in regional atmospheric chemistry, air quality and climate. He is a member of the scientific steering committee for the UNEP ABC Asia project. He also serves as chair of the Scientific Advisory Group for the World Meteorological Organization Global Atmospheric Watch Urban Meteorology and Environment project, which is focused on building capacity worldwide to improve air quality forecasts and related services.
Much has changed since the 2015 historic Paris Climate Accord. Even though the U.S. has expressed its plan to withdraw from the agreement, there remain many efforts at local, regional and global scales to address climate and environmental change. Post-Paris opportunities for addressing climate and the challenges to come with them will be discussed.
Reminder: If you have not already done so, please remember to renew your ICFRC membership.
“Women’s Health and the Environment: Going Up in Smoke”
About one-third of the planet’s people use wood every day for fuel. Jerry Anthony and Udaykumar, along with colleagues across the University of Iowa, have been researching causes and consequences of firewood use in the developing world. This talk will focus on the many multi-disciplinary and global issues that interweave into a web of complex problems stemming from a simple act of sustenance: cooking. The daily harvesting and burning of biomass by women for cooking purposes half a world away
connects to us due to its impact on climate, forest loss, environmental degradation and health affects. Anthony and Udaykumar will discuss the importance of this problem not only to women and children in the global south, but to all of us.
[This year’s Provost’s Global Forum will feature “Women’s Health and the Environment: Going Up in Smoke” from April 12-14! More information is available here.]
H.S. Udaykumar received a Bachelor of Technology from the Indian Institute of Technology in Chennai, India, in 1988 and went on to pursue a Master’s and PhD from the University of Florida. He works with the Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research in Hydroscience and Engineering, and is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Institue of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the Biomedical Engineering Society. Udaykumar is passionate about implementing sustainable designs not only in developing countries, but also shifting policies and energy choices in an industrial setting. He initiated and led the India solar cook-stove project, bringing groups of UI students to rural areas in Rajasthan to develop and implement more efficient designs for cooking.
Jerry Anthony received a Bachelor of Architecture from the University of Kerala, India, in 1989 and went on to pursue a Master’s in Town Planning from the School of Planning and Architecture in New Delhi, India, and a Ph.D. in 2000 in Urban and Regional Planning from Florida State University. Anthony’s major research and teaching interests center around housing and community development issues, particularly affordable housing policies; growth management, where he is concerned with the benefits and costs of growth management distribution across different income populations; and land, infrastructure and housing market issues in the developing regions of South Asia and Latin America. He has served as chair of Iowa City’s Housing and Community Development Commission and member of the Iowa City Sit Housing Taskforce, and Director of the Housing Policy Program at the PPC.
“Health, Wealth, and Waste: Social Entrepreneurship in Global Health and Beyond”
Each person in the U.S., on average, creates 4.6 pounds of waste each day. What happens to that waste? It affects everything we do in several ways, ranging from human health to environmental wellness. This lecture will define the social and cultural aspects of garbage as well as develop an understanding of the link between garbage, human health and environmental health. The life cycle of our modern waste products, their detrimental impacts on human populations and ecosystems, and implications for the future of global sustainability will be explored. The lecture will end with discussing the past, present and future solutions to the growing environmental threat.
Blake Rupe is an Iowa-based digital content manager, editor, instructor and passionate conservationist. As the digital content strategist for the University of Iowa, Blake publishes web content and tracks data points that drive collegiate efforts. Her strengths lie in identifying trends and providing insights for the management team. As an Adjunct Instructor, Blake uses her tech skills to research, develop and teach tech courses for the Global Health Department that focus on the intersection of entrepreneurship, sustainability and global health.
“Gaza: To Exist is to Resist”
Gaza, often referred to as the Gaza Strip, is a narrow piece of land approximately 24 miles long and four to seven miles wide. This home to 1.85 million persons is bound by a border closure by Egypt to the south, Israel to the west, and an Israeli air and sea blockade. Its residents are not free to leave this very hot, arid land which lacks clean water. Founded in 1949 as a self-governing Palestinian Territory, Gaza is part of the wide Palestinian-Israeli conflict. A report release last year by the United Nations stated that if conditions remain unchanged, Gaza will be uninhabitable by 2020.
Maria Filippone, D.O., is a family physician practicing in Des Moines. She received her degree from Kansas City University of Medicine and Bio-sciences. Maria has participated in medical delegations visiting Gaza which were sponsored in part by Physicians for Social Responsibility. She is currently pursuing a life-long dream of learning Arabic at Drake University. Maria is co-founder of the Des Moines Young Artists’ Theatre and co-owner of Noce, Des Moines’ premiere jazz club. Maria has also taught yoga for more than two decades.