“The New Challenges Facing the European Union”
The immigration crisis has really changed the European Union in ways that were probably not foreseeable just a few years ago, and it is generating significant political effects. One major effect has been the rise of “illiberal democracies”, and more generally a redistribution of the cards in recent elections in the European Union, a redistribution that is weakening the traditional parties of the center-left or the center-right populist parties, and giving rise to populist extreme parties. The wave of asylum seekers during the past four years has contributed to the dangerous polarization of public opinion. How can the EU remain democratic, respect the rule of law and preserve the extraordinary legacy of peace and success that has characterized Europe over the past sixty years?
Joelle Adda is an administrative judge in France. She is currently working part time in the National Court of asylum in France and is a visiting professor in the University of Iowa College of law. Until 2017, she was the president of the Administrative Court of Lille. Prior to joining this Administrative Court, she was president of the fifth chamber of the Administrative Court of Appeal of Paris.
She graduated from the University of Paris and from the French National School of Administration (ENA). She was rapporteur and subsequently Commissaire du Gouvernement in proceedings before the Versailles administrative Tribunal (1989-1994), then rapporteur before the Court of auditors (1994-1996), rapporteur and subsequently Commissaire du Gouvernement in proceedings before the Paris Administrative Court of appeal (1996-2000 and 2002-2005), national expert to the European Commission at the Legal service (2000-2002), Legal Director at ARCEP, the French Telecommunications and Posts Regulator (2005-2009), Associate Presiding Judge of 2nd Chamber at Administrative Court of Paris (2009 2010), and Legal Director at Société du Grand Paris (2010-2013).