“Women’s Rights in Egypt After the Arab Spring”
In 2010, the small North African country of Tunisia received global attention when its citizens managed to overthrow their authoritarian government. The turmoil quickly spread to neighboring countries, resulting in massive protests and demonstrations across North Africa and the Middle East. In Egypt, long-time president Hosni Mubarak was overthrown. Many Egyptians hoped Mubarak’s deposition marked the beginning of a new time for Egypt, but that has seemingly not been the case. Professor Adrien Wing will discuss how the Arab Spring in Egypt has the lives of women. Have their lives improved? Worsened? Are the human rights of women more or less secure in post-revolution Egypt? Using thirty years of experience in the fields of law, history, and gender politics, Professor Wing will assess these questions.
Adrien Wing is the Bessie Dutton Murray Professor at the University of Iowa College of Law, where she has taught since 1987. Additionally, she is the Director of the University of Iowa Center for Human Rights. She served as the Associate Dean for Faculty Development 2006-2009 and the on-site Director for the London Law Consortium semester abroad program 2010-12. She earned her B.A. at Princeton University, her M.A. at University of California Los Angeles, and her J.D. at Stanford Law School. Author of more than 100 publications, Wing is the editor of Critical Race Feminism: A Reader and Global Critical Race Feminism: An International Reader.
“Viagra, Aging, and Changing Masculinities in Mexico”
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Since the advent of Viagra in 1998, decreasing erectile function has become known and treated as “erectile dysfunction” (ED). However, individual men’s understandings of ED, and its subsequent treatment, are diverse and reflect their individual social contexts. This talk presents findings from research with 250 older, working class men in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Despite local stereotypes of men as sex-obsessed “machos,” most study participants rejected ED drugs and did not understand erectile function change as a medical problem. Instead, they collaborated with wives and physicians to frame this change as a physical prompt to stop acting out youthful forms of manhood centered around penetrative, often extramarital sex, and to shift to what they saw as a more mature form of masculinity focused on the home and emotional bonds with family.
Emily Wentzell is an Assistant Professor in the University of Iowa Department of Anthropology. Her research combines approaches from medical anthropology, gender studies and science and technology studies to examine sexual health interventions’ gendered social consequences in Mexico and the US. She is the author of Maturing Masculinities: Aging, Chronic Illness and Viagra in Mexico (Duke University Press), and is currently researching the Mexican couples’ experiences of participation in longitudinal, observational HPV research.
“The Future of Drones and Unmanned Systems”
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In the last few decades, semi-autonomous killer machines have migrated from science fiction to a central role in real-world international relations. The United States utilizes unmanned aerial systems, commonly known as “drones,” to strike targets both in and outside of military contexts. Though the US is at the forefront of unmanned technology, all advanced militaries use robots to perform a variety of tasks. From surveillance to ordinance disposal, drones are used in the air, water, and on land. With the US and other militaries’ increasing reliance on unmanned systems, the FAA endorsing commercial drones in 2015, and Google developing a self-driving car, the prevalence of robots is increasing exponentially. As Grossman points out, technology often develops faster than humans’ understanding of it.
Nicholas Grossman is a lecturer in the political science department of the University of Iowa, where he teaches classes on terrorism and insurgency, national security policy, and 21st century technology and warfare. He received a PhD in International Relations from the University of Maryland with a dissertation titled “Robotics and the Future of Asymmetric Warfare.” Before coming to Iowa, he presented on preemptive warfare at the Pentagon’s Office of Net Assessment, and on terrorism to the Applied Physics Laboratory. As a technology enthusiast, Grossman finds developments in robotics to be both exciting and highly concerning.
“The Globalization of Air Pollution: Implications for Our Air, Water, and Food Quality”
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Gregory R. Carmichael, is the Karl Kammermeyer Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at the University of Iowa. He is internationally known for work on international air pollution concerns. Carmichael’s studies have led to greater understanding of problems related to the long range transport of pollutants within Asia and across the Pacific. Most recently his work has focused on the role of black carbon in the atmosphere and its dual role as an air pollutant and climate warming agent.
Gregory Carmichael is a member of the scientific steering committee for the UNEP Atmospheric Brown Clouds Asia project, where he has published recent papers on the important role of black carbon in the climate system. He also serves as chair for the Scientific Advisory Group for the World Meteorological Organization Global Atmospheric Watch Urban Meteorology and Environment project (GURME-WMO), which is focused on building global capacity to improve air quality forecasts and related services.
“Lithium and the Green Car: Social and Environmental Changes in Argentina, Chile and Bolivia”
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As energy hungry nations search for fossil-fuel alternatives, some look to lithium as a source for electricity. Bolivia’s salt desert, Salar de Uyuni, is 100 times the size of the famed Bonnevile Salt Flats of Utah and is estimated to hold as much as half of the world’s supply of lithium. This has led some to refer to lithium as the “New Oil,” and subsequently Bolivia, the “New Saudi Arabia.” However, many environmental groups believe lithium extraction is an unsustainable process that will produce irreparable damage to the environment and the Bolivian landscape. As Barbuzza’s years of research will show, this story of landscape and salt is layered in both history and power.
Isabel Barbuzza is an Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at the School of Art and Art History at the University of Iowa. In addition, she directs the sculpture program in the Dimensional Practice Area. Barbuzza’s work has been exhibited internationally. Her works can be seen in private and public collections around the world. Barbuzza holds a BA and MFA from the University of California at Santa Barbara and her research involves narratives integrating social, geographical and ecological history across Latin America.
“Making Chai with a Fulbright”
Lutgendorf was in India during 2010-11 as a Fulbright-Hays Senior Overseas Research Fellow. His research topic was the popularization of tea drinking in India and its evolution into the country’s (invented) “national drink”-chai, a distinctive spiced tea. This topic necessarily touches on colonial era and post-Independence history, the rise of advertising, marketing, visual culture, changes in manufacturing, commerce, lifestyle, and eating habits.
Philip Lutgendorf is Professor of Hindi and Modern Indian Studies and has taught in the University of Iowa’s Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literature since 1985. His research on the Indian epic, Ramayana, has appeared as two books The Life of a Text (University of California Press, 1991), and Hanuman’s Tale, The Messages of a Divine Monkey (Oxford University Press, 2007). He is presently translating the Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas for the Murty Classical Library of India and Harvard University Press, and writing on the popularization of chai in 20th century India. He serves as President of the American Institute of Indian Studies (AIIS).
“Fracking for Energy: Promises, Perils, Perceptions”
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The technology called Hydraulic Fracturing – often termed “Fracking” – refers to the high-pressure injection of water and other materials deep underground to break rock and release hydrocarbons. Fracking has led to a boom in the production of natural gas and oil, but has also raised a variety of concerns with respect to the environment, impacts on local communities, and contributions to climate change. In this talk Bob Libra will outline the dynamics of fracking, and the implications of increased practice both domestically and internationally.
Robert Libra is the State Geologist of Iowa, and has worked with the Iowa Geological Survey for over 30 years, including 10 years in his current position. His work has involved a wide range of geologic and water-related research, with a focus on groundwater resources. He is a Minnesota native with degrees in Geology from the University of Wisconsin-Superior and Indiana University.